Tag Archives: Title 4 funding

Aligned Workforces

In my last 2 articles, we learned about the global workforce education efforts. For my ‘From the Files’ combined with the Would You Believe It?! articles, let’s see what is new across the nation for a CCSS/CTE/CCR (Common Core State Standards, Career Tech Education, College/Career Readiness) educated workforce.

How Workforce is Embedded in Education:

Simply stated, the WIOA (Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014).
A bit more in-depth, is the fact Career Pathways (part of the Common Core and Career Tech Education) and STEM are woven into the law. Career Pathways is embedded at least 21 times. Fast forward to ESSA (Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015) and the HEA (Higher Education Act of 2008) and you will find STEM, Career Tech Education, and College/Career Readiness embedded.
Specifically in ESSA: You will also find that WIOA/Workforce is embedded, 33 times. You will find Higher Education in ESSA, 64 times. STEM is embedded through not only Math and English, but in the Teachers Corps, the 21st Century Skills, and Title 4 funding. See:
http://www.stemedcoalition.org/2015/12/01/coalition-analysis-of-key-stem-provisions-in-esea-act/

For a visual example, see below, from California. According to their website, they consistently search and encourage ANY relationship which will tie workforce to education!
calabor

How the Workforce Quality Data Ties to Student Data:

Simply stated, begin on page 11 of this 2014 U.S. Dept. of Labor document:
Workforce SLDS linkage (*Note: on page 12 you will read that the original intent of the data mining was not to link the student data to the workforce’s, but to compliment it. However, refer to the current U.S. Dept. of Labor WQDI information and all compliments are gone. In their place is total unity of information geared for education which fits Career Tracks, Career Clusters, Career Pathways, etc.)

Another global note to add to the data mining paragraph above, is that Impac International, LLC authored the paper. Who is Impac International, LLC? See below for a hint.

impact

According to their website, not only are they global researchers, they are global data handlers, too! (Scroll over ‘Services’ to see what they do with data.) Access the website:
http://www.impaqint.com/

To see how Impac International, LLC is tied to the CCSS Machine, here is an excerpt from their About Us page, “Today, IMPAQ’s teams collaborate with public sector clients, such as the U.S. Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, as well as private sector clients such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, to address some of the most critical challenges of our time – from the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act to reducing the unemployment rate and putting Americans back to work.”

The Workforce Development System from a National Level:

Simply stated, find all the resources on one website:
https://www.dol.gov/odep/topics/WorkforceSystem.htm

A bit more in-depth, is the Law that was passed in 2015 to update WIOA. While in Congress, it was known as S1124 (WIOA Technical Amendment Act). As a federal law, it is 114-18 (May 2015 passage). You can access that information: https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/senate-bill/1124
The bottom line is it beefs up State Workforce Development Boards.

The Workforce Development Systems at the State Level:

Simply stated, there will be 50 different systems. However, among them will be certain unifying factors.

For example, you saw above the picture from CA. To access their Workforce Association,
http://calworkforce.org/partnerships/

Another example is from where I live, NC. There are 23 Workforce Development Boards here!
See: http://www.ncawdb.org/about-us/

As a 3rd example,  I saw on TV, the SC Future Makers (this is not only workforce development, but a STEM Premiere program). You can access the less than 30 minute video: http://www.autoline.tv/show/2016
To find out more about STEM Premiere (where workforce, education, and students meet):
http://www.stempremier.com/
To see how the companies are using STEM for and educated workforce:
http://www.stempremier.com/companies/

Be sure to check your states. Two key pieces of evidence you need:
1) The mention of WIOA or WQDI grants
2) The mention of State level Chambers of Commerce

From the National and State Levels for Workforce Alliances:

I found the following website, you will want to check out. It is a national level registry workforce group for the States to access. It is a private, non-profit group. One of the main missions of the Alliance? Early education and afterschool workforce programs.

From my research, I have found the following.
These workforce-based programs will be encompassed in ESSA via the 21st Century Community Learning Centers, as well as all the supportive activities or services to boost student achievement. You will also see Career Awareness activities and events increase. Career trial basis courses will also be available. All these are sprinkled throughout the ESSA.
To learn more about the Alliance
See: http://www.registryalliance.org/about-us-top

Here is a look at the national map:

edworkalliance

If you would like to see the 2015 National Workforce Registry Alliance Conference highlights:

To see the Alliance’s 2013 Early Childhood Data Collection Report:
Core Data Elements.Board Approved June 2013.2

While rather dated (2012), the TTA (Training and Trainer Registry) from the Alliance will give you some other workforce/early education data collectors.
TTA Survey Report – Final

Here is a screen shot you will see from the Alliance and was available on the NC Institute for Child Development. The entire 2012 presentation will reveal how data miners are involved; how Head Start is involved, and, so much more. As you know, I have shared with you before, how Head Start is Common Core aligned.

To learn more about the CCDF (as seen below), http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/occ/ccdf-reauthorization

workforcekid

To get the rest of the Presentation: 2012 State of Workforce Registries

From the NC Institute for Child Development, look at this 2016 update on workforce readiness for young people.

rightstart

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Special Edition News

Anti CCSS/Fed Ed Warriors, the last article I wrote for you featured the General Assembly global education group. Connected to them is WhiteBoard Advisors. Today’s article gives you a speedy guide as to how these two and others are gunning to reform education to that of a for-lining-their-pockets-while-breeding-and-branding-more-CBE(Competency Based Education)-especially-in-higher-education.

First off, the May 2016 document from The White Board Advisors (“Education Insiders Report”)
Whiteboard_Insider_May 2016_0

Mentioned in the Report are the WhiteBoard Advisors, General Assembly, the HLC (Higher Learning Commission), EQUIP Experiment, Western Governors University, and HEA (Higher Education Act) priorities.

Below are related, key pieces of evidence for the CCSS Machine involvement:

1) How WhiteBoard Advisors,W/A (as they call themselves) tie to General Assembly (a hybrid CBE based global ed group) and venture capital investment firms bent on reforming education in a toxic, profit making way:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/05/16/do-you-know-this-ga/

2) The White House led EQUIP Experiment delivered to America via the U.S. Dept. of Ed and the U.S. Dept. of Labor links:
(2015) Ed’s: http://www.ed.gov/news/press-releases/fact-sheet-department-education-launches-educational-quality-through-innovative-partnerships-equip-experiment-provide-low-income-students-access-new-models-education-and-training
White House/Labor’s: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/11/17/fact-sheet-white-house-and-department-labor-launch-100-million-techhire

3) The Higher Learning Commission,HCL (oversees the North Central US States in Higher Education/accrediting, etc.): https://www.hlcommission.org/About-the-Commission/about-hlc.html (*Note: the U.S. Dept. of Ed is their gatekeeper; HLC is considered gatekeeper for Title 4 funds) Title 4 funds are Perkins Loans (used for CTE, Career Tech Education courses); PLUS Loans, Pell Grants, etc

The U.S. Dept/Ed Higher Learning Commission audit (where CBE is encouraged):
https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/oig/auditreports/fy2015/a05o0010.pdf

While I couldn’t locate the sources of HLC’s funding, I did find the 2010 Contractual Agreement where 3rd parties are allowed access to information: http://dmi.illinois.edu/nca/ContractualRelationships2010.pdf

My 2015 article featuring HLC and Common Core, Career Tech Ed and how it is related to the CHEA (Council for Higher Education Accreditation):
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2015/08/23/weekend-news-hea-higher-ed-act-and-the-common-core/

4) Western Governors University ties to the CCSS Machine and what it means for Higher Education:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2015/08/23/weekend-news-hea-higher-ed-act-and-the-common-core/

5) HEA ties to the Vice President (you will see his work mentioned in the White House/U.S. Dept of Labor link above):
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2015/09/12/weekend-news-heads-up-higher-ed-cte-update/

The VP, CTE, and unions: https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2014/11/16/rmt-vp-unions-career-tech-and-common-core/

6) Ties of the CHEA, CCSS, and CTE for America:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2015/04/14/ftf-chea-cte-ccss-and-america/

7) For those not sure how CTE and CCSS intersect:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2015/11/07/weekend-news-ccsscte-catch-up-edition/

8) Tying proprietary post-secondary education to the CCSS Machine:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2014/11/06/tech-thursday-workforce-commissions-education-and-common-core/

9) Tying the HEA to the ESSA:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2015/12/05/weekend-news-essas-untold-ties-to-hea/

If you are a bit confused by this speedy guide, these references and others will be given in detail tonight (5/18) on the Women on the Wall national conference call. You can access the Call: 302-202-1110, code 702165. One of the biggest pieces to tonight’s call will be the up close look at Page 6 of the Education Insiders Report, where the most popular candidates up for the next U.S. Secretary of Education will be vetted by Diana Anderson, a long time education researcher. Join me, this is a vital call we need to understand in our efforts to fight the War Against the Core!

FTF: An Extension for Higher Ed Act

heaext

For my first “From the Files” Tuesday article for February 2016, I wanted to share with you my fellow anti CCSS Warriors how a bill was passed in late 2015, we more than likely had no clue passed. What does this have to do with Common Core? Plenty! It extended portions of the HEA (Higher Education Act)!

For quite sometime I have been helping raise awareness about the HEA and have given you plenty of evidence which easily connects the HEA to the CCSS Machine (Common Core State Standards Machine). The main connection?! Career Tech Education (CTE)! How this connect to the picture you see above? Perkins Funding!

For a quick recap about Perkins Funding, here is an excerpt from one of my previously published detailed articles, “The Perkins Act was created back in 1984, since then it’s been updated a few times. However, the original intent was to increase the quality of education that was considered technical or, at the time, vocational. With the advent of Common Core via the Career Tech, Career Clusters, Career Pathways, it’s not longer ‘cool’ to use the word ‘vocation’, now it’s ‘career’. Last updated in 2006 here are the 3 parameters that MUST happen with the Act.:
“1. Replaces “vocational education” with “career and technical education”

2. Maintains the Tech Prep program as a separate entity with federal funding within the legislation
3. Maintains state administrative funding at 5 percents of a state’s allocation
The new law also requires the development of articulation agreements and strengthens local
accountability provisions. The Perkins Act provides almost $1.3 billion annually to career and technical education programs in all 50 states until 2016.’ Each state gets to decide how to split the funding between secondary schools and post-secondary schools.”

To see the rest of the article: https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2014/11/20/tech-thursday-perkins-gets-the-common-core-squeeze/

What you need to know that is still relevant:
1) The Perkins Funds used in higher education are based on the number of children aged 5 to 17 years old in each LEA (local education agency). You will also see how there are other ways the funding is based on (for example, one way is in conjunction with groups of States {as in the United States} working together).

2) From just last month, I was able to connect more intended misuse of Perkins Funding in the State of NC via an upcoming bond that is to be on our primary ballots March 15, 2016. How? The bond, known as “Connect NC Bond”, shows you how at least one NC Community College would take its bond money and use it NOT for its intended purpose (update buildings), BUT to purchase and provide MORE Career Tech Education courses! See the article:
 https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/01/11/winter-2016-a-look-ahead-nc-and-the-usa/

3) From December 2015, this excerpt where Perkins Funding for CTE is embedded in the ESSA (Every Student Succeeds Act), “Keywords of ‘Perkins Funding’ (for CTE): a total of 8 references to page numbers 38, 123, 132, 516, 677, 939, 993, and 1026.”
To see the rest of that article: https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2015/12/05/weekend-news-essas-untold-ties-to-hea/

 


An Extension Does NOT Mean a Re-authorization, Does It?

For quite a while now, I have been sharing in my interviews heard nationally that the HEA is usually re-authorized near the time the original ESEA (Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965) is. We know the ESSA is the re-authorization of the ESEA, but does the Bill for the Extension of the HEA mean that is IT’S re-authorization? No. The Extension simply continued the stream of Perkins Funding. It is only 4 pages long, as well. But, before we leave each other for today, what are the ‘other purposes’ embedded in the Extension?

*Note: The latest re-authorization of the HEA was back in 2008.

1) The first item of business(after the Title description) in the HEA Extension is NOT the Perkins money. (That is, in fact, the second item of business.) The National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity (NACIQI) and its Extension.
What does the NACIQI do?
Per the 2008 version of the HEA, this group follows the recommendations of the U.S. Dept. of Education’s Secretary in both accreditation and requirements for higher educational institutions to meet and uphold in order to receive funding. If you want to learn more about their powers, see:  http://www2.ed.gov/about/bdscomm/list/naciqi.html

While this, on the surface, appears to be on the up and up, remember how many articles I have shared with you about the ways in which the HEA will be rewritten to further the CCSS Machine’s Workforce agenda. By holding the institutions which deliver higher education to the tentacles of the CCSS/CTE and now, the College/Career Readiness (CCR), you can know that when the HEA is re-authorized, this group will be sure to apply all the CCSS Machine’s nuts and bolts it can. To see some of what I am referring to:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2015/06/11/tech-thursday-more-alexander-hea-and-the-next-america/

2) This is where the Perkins Funding Extension comes into play.

3) Following Perkins is the Extension of the Advisory Committee for Student Financial Assistance (ACSFA). If you visit the website page for ACSFA you will see that the lapse in government funding halted operations back in October 2015. See: http://www2.ed.gov/about/bdscomm/acsfa/index.html

If we want to find out what the ACSFA did (or perhaps has been able to pick back up and continue on with), we will need to go back to August 2015. Here is an excerpt, “The Advisory Committee serves as an independent source of advice and counsel to the Congress and the Secretary of Education on student financial aid policy.” The description goes on to say the Committee is to be non partisan, objective, and independent. Back in 2008, when the HEA was last updated, you need to see what functions this Committee had impact on. (For example, Title 4 funding.) Not sure what Title 4 Funds are? See below:

4pie

To learn more from the August 2015 ACSFA meeting: https://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2015/08/25/2015-20946/advisory-committee-on-student-financial-assistance-meeting

Have Title 4 Funds Been Aligned to CCSS/CTE/CCR?

In my previously published article title “Dependent Truth”, I direct you to a possible answer there. In the research I have been able to find, I would say the short answer is yes, the funding is aligned. It is part of a vicious cycle our students are being put through, thanks the CCSS Machine. How? Consider how early in a student’s education we are seeing Career Tech Education creep in. Consider how many CCSS/CTE courses students must complete to earn credits to graduate. Consider how many schools are starting the FASFA process early. In order to complete the FASFA forms (Financial Student Aid), many states are requiring certain courses to be completed as part of graduation. The connection? Look at your State to see how many of these are CCSS/CTE or College and Career Ready ones.
To see the ‘Dependent Truth’https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/01/12/ftf-a-dependent-truth/

To see the Federal Financial Aid’s ’12th Grade Checklist’:
https://studentaid.ed.gov/sa/prepare-for-college/checklists/12th-grade
While this may look okay on the surface, note that it is using the cost of college as a reason to complete FASFA paperwork in the 12th grade. Note the need for discussing your career path with the school counselor. Where is the CCSS/CTE connection there? School counselors (as I have shared in the past) are being increasingly ‘encouraged’ to guide students to a Career Pathway (another catchy name for Career Tech Education) way of existence. See my article: https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2014/10/10/fridays-post-breaking-news-you-need-to-know/
*Note: be sure to view the White House Initiative presentation expressly for school counselors and their alignment to the CCSS Machine!

To see the HEA Extension Bill:
bill_text_higher_education_extension_act_of_2015

To see the Press Release the Education and Workforce Committee issued in December 2015: http://edworkforce.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=400072

Closing:

Warriors Against the CCSS Machine, keep alert, the re-authorization of the HEA will certainly need our full attention when it does happen.

Please join me on my Media Wednesday broadcasts:
10 am to 12 noon (Eastern Standard Time) with FL based Negdog Blog Radio.
Call in and listen: 347-843-4165.
Then, 8:30 pm (Central Standard Time) with TX based Women on the Wall Conference Call. Listen in: 302-202-1110, code 702165.

 

Monday Musings: “The Boys are Back in Town”

It's not exactly a secret that the U.S. Congress is back in session, BUT, will they stand up and fight for education?!
It’s not exactly a secret that the U.S. Congress is back in session, BUT, will they stand up and fight for education?!

It’s a busy day for all of us in this War Against the Core (Common Core, that is). We anti CCSS Warriors have been quite busy over the summer while the ‘debates’ ran on concerning the S1177 (Every Child Achieves Act) and while we listened as the House didn’t vote one ‘no’ against the HR5 (Student Success Act). Did we let up while Congress was away from Washington? If so, it’s time for us to crank up our volume again. We HAVE to..our entire nation is at risk!

While Congress was away, many of the anti CCSS Warriors who are helping lead this War, presented us with fact based evidence as to where in the ECAA, SSA the toxicity for America lies. If you’ve not seen those, I urge you to! Language has been written that would cause EVERY child to be an ‘at-risk’ student, therefore, causing ALL students to be on some sort of medical disability list and turning your schools into quasi-pysch wards! I’m including Anita Hoge’s research which includes page numbers of each bill so you can see for yourselves HOW each child is to be considered ‘medically needy’.

ALL students will be identified as “at-risk” allowing government access to ALL children under Common Core, Title I, and IDEA to receive mental health services, treatment, and interventions. [P.38 produce individual student interpretive descriptive, diagnostic reports consistent with (II) children with disabilities; pp. 17, 36, 41, 83, 87, 90, 93, 94, 113, 118, 122, 125, 131, 254, 365]

Psychological and psychiatric techniques will be employed to change the student’s psyche and personality to government qualities and these interventions are included in both bills: “Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, Response to Intervention (RTI), Multitiered System of Supports, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Specialized Instructional Support Services,” with all techniques researched, validated and proven to change the values, attitudes, beliefs, and dispositions of your children toward Common Core attitudes, values, beliefs, and dispositions. (pp. 24, 120, 244 measure non-cognitive measures; pp. 58, 94, 119, 125, 243-244, 253, 367-368)”

To see the rest of HOW your student will be controlled and manipulated, see: http://www.newswithviews.com/Hoge/anita117.htm

My question to you, as a parent: Are you going to allow Rep. Kline’s HR5 and Sen. Lamar Alexander’s S1177 to pass so YOUR child can be turned into a CCSS drone?

With the proven facts that Sen. Alexander is ALSO behind the upcoming re-authorization of the HEA (Higher Education Act), don’t expect the psycho-manipulation to end at 12th grade. No, it’s also written in the HEA, as well!

As recent as April 2015, the American Psychological Association (APA) is working hand in hand with the HELP (the U.S. Senate’s Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions) to include much psychologically influenced parameters. Back in 2003, the Association published an article about it was their opportunity to help strengthen the HEA. Here’s an excerpt from that article, “For APA’s membership, HEA reauthorization is an opportunity to shine. We have a chance to make college more accessible, graduate study more affordable, careers in the public interest more pursuable and teaching more grounded in science. HEA is a good law–but one that can be made better if influenced and directed by psychology.” (*Note: to see the entire article,
http://www.apa.org/monitor/may03/ppup.aspx)

From this article, you are encouraged to see more of their advocacy in the HEA by going to a more specific website page. On that page are no less that 3 papers with Sen. Alexander’s name as the only one visible.  Why is this a big deal? Sen. Lamar Alexander is the chairman of the HELP committee!!

If you visit, http://www.apa.org/about/gr/education/news/2015/higher-education-act.aspx, you’ll see the 2015 efforts of how APA and HELP are working together. The first of HELP’s  ‘white papers’ deals with post-secondary accreditation. It is this paper you’ll find the CCSS/CTE  angle for which this psycho-manipulation is to occur at the beyond high school graduation? From what I can read, it’s the ‘accrediting process’. Read on, warriors!

 ” It wasn’t until the 1992 Higher Education Act Amendments that Congress defined in law the standards accreditors needed when assessing quality at institutions of higher education. Today, current law outlines 10 minimum standards: student achievement; curriculum; faculty; facilities; fiscal and administrative capacity; student support services; recruiting and admissions practices; measure of program length; student complaints; and compliance with Title IV program responsibility.” Then Alexander states this, “Accreditation serves dual roles as both a “gatekeeper” to federal funds and as a process for institutional improvement..”

The next section deals with student learning, academic rigor, issues geared toward OBE (outcome based education), and, their workforce readiness skills! There are other CCSS/CTE/CCR (Common Core State Standards, Career Technical Education, and College Career Readiness) rats woven into this white paper as well. If you read the entire document, you’ll find where it’s suggested that there becomes more national influence as opposed to regional; that all kinds of pro-CCSS/CTE ‘research’ is cited as credible evidence for reforming higher education. The list of other ‘rats’ goes on. However, it’s not until you get to the proposals, that you should really be able to see the big rat! ” options for consideration in the upcoming reauthorization of the Higher Education Act to redefine accreditation’s role, modernize our quality assurance system for 21st century learning, and provide accountability and reassurance to governments and the greater public.”

First will be the ‘refocus’ aspect (which has 4 goals..all supported by pro-CCSS/CTE ‘research’), then comes the ‘redesign’ aspect of higher education (this section has the biggest rats. Redefining Title 4 funding, doing away with regional entities, creating new education pathways which allow MORE P3 (public, private partnerships) to weigh in on what education should be. (again, look at the pro-CCSS/CTE groups used in the footnotes..these are the groups HELP is listening to!)

To see this paper: Accreditation

Oh, the other 2 HELP ‘white papers’ featured on the American Psychologists Association website? You’ll need to dive into those as well. The second one deals with ‘cohort graduations’, the “GED”, ‘skin-in-the-game’ reforms (one such is that colleges/universities become responsible for a students outcome..not the student), and more. Again, note the pro-CCSS/CTE/CCR backers cited in this paper. See: Risk_Sharing

The last one, will certainly tie back to more proven fact based research concerning the abuse of the FERPA law. It has to do with data mining (supposedly it’s transparent). If you look at the current HEA (2008), you’ll find in Section 113 (which is using Title 1 funding), you’ll see the parameters for databases in higher education. If you stop there, you’ll assume all is well; that your post-secondary student’s data is safe. However, look at Section 802 (under “additional programs”). The National Center for Research in Advanced Information and Digital Technologies is named. If you’re not familiar with the NCRAIDT, it is also known as “Digital Promise”. DP is ‘non profit’. Think they are free from the pro-CCSS/CTE group? Not a chance! See their current corporate partners: http://www.digitalpromise.org/initiatives/corporate-partnerships#current-partners

Digital Promise is used in K-Adult education. You can find your own evidence by looking at the “initiatives” section of their website.

To see the last of the 3 HELP papers: Consumer_Information

One of the last points I’d like to make about the HEA’s ties to the CCSS/CTE/CCR agenda is this. There are many other sections of the 2008 HEA which are foundations for MORE alignment to this illegally based and now, Congressionally ‘high-fived’ legislation we’re seeing in the current session! This is WHY it’s so important to call and STOP HR5, S1177. It was stated by Sen. Alexander is his gloating speech that what was being started in S1177 would be finished in the HEA’s re-authorization. Warriors, he was revealing the next area of educational overhaul! We CANNOT allow any student, no matter their age to be aligned anymore to the CCSS/CTE/CCR debacle.

Call Washington, D.C. now that Congress is back in session. Tell them ‘NO!’
The main switch board number is 202-224-3121. The main operator will ask with whom do you wish to be connected to.
For Senate and House Bill Status: 202-225-1772
If you want to call your legislator directly and do not have his/her number, use the following website to pinpoint them: http://www.contactingthecongress.org/

Closing note: 
By the graphic at the top of the article, I was not excluding the female members of Congress. I was using the graphic to refer to the ‘good ole boy network’ attitude so noticeable in Congress. It is this ‘network’ which has allowed bad legislation like HR5, S1177, and the HEA to even exist. We, the citizens MUST not allow them to survive!

After much research, time, and effort: my 2014 jpeg creation showing CCSS is preK to post-secondary.
After much research, time, and effort: my 2014 jpeg creation showing CCSS is preK to post-secondary.