Tag Archives: AdvancED

Seeing More About Education?

Warriors Against the Core, make no mistake, I am not a fan of MORE  student-led education as a solution to the problems in American education. I believe that teachers make much more difference in education than the CCSS Machine has reduced them to.

seymour

 Student-led school makes as much sense as putting them in charge of making dinner when they’re 6 months old.

Teachers are NOT meant to be relegated to merely being a warm body in a room. That’s totally NOT why these ladies and gentlemen became interested in education, it’s not why they went to college, or became massively in debt to earn those teaching degrees. 

teachersigh

Warriors, evidence has proven that the target of the CCSS Machine’s design on modern classrooms is ‘more student, less teacher’.  It certainly gains momentum with guru-like quotes similar to the one you see in the screen shot. (“Less Us, More Them”)

We have teachers for a purpose. It isn’t to baby-sit, it isn’t to watch his/her students glued to a computer. It’s to lead them! It’s to lead them well. It’s to show other humans how to not only gain information, but to help shape them. Reducing a teacher’s role to what ESSA (Every Student Succeeds Act) is, is flat out criminal.

Telling a teacher that due to Common Core (or whatever label is slapped on it) he/she MUST do this or that is wrong.

Warriors, I’m sure you seen a shift in teaching responsibilities before ESSA’s passage. I know I have.  

In fact, I recently shared with you the definitions about learning in the ESSA Era. It’s where teacher AND student are considered in the same context! While this might be okay in some educational settings, an across-the-board, one-way-to-educate-everyone is a landmine waiting to be stepped upon!

Modern day education reform has re-assigned the control in the classroom. What is going to happen when things go awry? We’ve seen time and time again how the CCSS Machine has turned both teachers and students into guinea pigs, will be let them experiment even more in 2017-18’s school year?!

By putting the kids in charge of education, it shifts the burden of responsibility. It changes ‘accountability’. It can set them up to fall flat on their faces. It also will cause a much more conducive platform for the Delphi move of a nanny state school and its control

Another dangerous mindset we can connect to the CCSS Machine’s urging of having kids as teachers, is the rhetoric connected to education: ‘Let ’em fail, it’ll teach ’em better than I can.’ “Failing means grit; grit is good for them, especially when they are young.” This type of thinking and actions are quite frankly, hard-hearted!

‘Rigor and grit’ do not speak to a student who is scared, who has NO earthly idea what is expected of them, or when they are having a bad day. A computer cannot hug a student or give a ‘high five’ a child. Likewise, setting them up to fail on purpose is mean-spirited.

It’s like tying their shoe strings together and then laughing when they fall. Or, the CCSS Machine’s passive-aggressive style of ‘Is that the best you can do? You should try harder!’

Warriors, I’m not suggesting to baby every student at every age, but certainly, we must have guidance and leadership that is centered on how to educate in many different ways.

See how this may translate in a picture version, below:

styles

Source to Mosston and Ashworth’s Spectrum can be found here. I’d like to point out that they very clearly state that ‘variety’ is the spice in teaching.

CCSS Machine’s idea of ‘teaching’ with variety is there is almost NONE! Has this changed since ESSA? Not much!

 

PipelineR10


This is what ‘rigor’ is designed for. It’s failing us every day, in every State, and at every age level.

A visual for ESSA ‘teaching’:

essawheel.jpg
The Source to see the ‘hamster wheel’ for yourselves is here.

After all, if we’re being honest, thanks to ESSA, WIOA, HEA, federal and state legislation, and the CCSS Machine, computers and digital have BECOME the TEACHERS!

So Who Was Seymour Papert?

If you looked at the featured screen shot (‘less us/more them’), you probably saw the name “Seymour Papert”.

Seymour was considered a great ‘technology-before-its-time’ kind of professor.

Seymour was teaching/leading at MIT (which by the way is a huge CCSS Machine member). He was credited with predicting kids and computers as the learning method of the future way before most folks. (*Note: the “21st Century Learning” page provided at the bottom of the highlighted link is broken. However, I was able to find this, instead. Warriors, you should ‘love’ the global learning/leadership tag.)

Back in 1995, C-Span broadcast an Education and Technology hearing. Seymour Papert was a witness. The entire video is over 2 hours, but I urge you to listen. Note who was attending the hearing, who was speaking then. Listen to the tones about the excitement for this advance in education. Source

After MIT, Seymour landed in Maine. This article (2000) reveals how his ‘technology education’ activism can be tied to (then) Gov. Angus King. King is now a Senator for Maine. Is King supportive of more technology in the classrooms? (In the 2000 article, you’ll see how he wanted a computer given to every 7th grader.) In 2017, is his support still there?  Absolutely! (*Many State leaders are convinced a computer for every student is a marker of successful education.)

Do these leaders understand (completely) what this is REALLY doing to our teachers? I do not believe they do.

In 2015, (then) President Obama signed the “Computer Science for All” Initiative. Seymour was said to be a ‘father of CS (Computer Science)’ in this resource:

cspapert

Seymour died in 2016. His MIT obituary is lionizing, to say the least. I only include this because the Professor’s work proves his thinking about children and the way they learn was altered in Switzerland by a philosopher and psychologist Jean Piaget. Seymour was credited with leading the revolution for technology in 3 distinct areas: a) children, b) AI (artificial intelligence, which is also replacing teachers), and c) education via technology.
(*Note: Piaget was a co-director for UNESCO as well as an honorary Harvard doctorate recipient. As you know, both Harvard and UNESCO are CCSS Machine members.) PBS’s “A Science Odyssey” ended their Piaget article with this quote:

“Piaget is widely recognized as the greatest developmental psychologist of the century. His ideas have been refined and added to, but they remain the foundation of child psychology.”

 

Seymour’s “Legacy” Lives On:

So, we’ve seen a distinct shift in education, Warriors. We’ve seen a distinct disrespect for teachers in our nation. While switching our students ‘on’ to computer learning, putting them in charge of said learning, we’re actually turning them ‘off’ to adults and the leadership they can provide.

We’re also seeing the adult’s authority (in appropriate measures and settings) become less and less. Why? All the ‘self-direction’. History has proven (and will continue to)  how far a person gets when the education they thought they worked hard for wasn’t ‘real education’ at all.

Technology is a poor substitute for human interaction.

So, how is Seymour’s ‘legacy’ about kids and computers living on? A couple of ways:
STEM and STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math; Science, Technology, Engineering, the Arts, and Math). We also can find Seymour-ish leaders, like the ones at Vision, Education, and Media (VEM)

VEMSource 

Warriors, as we know, STEM is a farce as part of education. No, STEM is more about a trained workforce. So is STEAM. The evidence has been given countless times here on my blog. (*Note: the highlighted link is only one such set of documented facts.)

KQED published a short article explaining Seymour’s beliefs about ‘child’s play’ earlier this year.

Warriors, the highlighted “Computer Science for All” link also will show you how Seymour’s ‘legacy’ is living on and will continue to be seen in the 2017-18 school year.

Closing:

Earlier this year, I shared with you how the global AI (Artificial Intelligence) was taking over American education. It certainly will render human teachers as ‘obsolete’, thanks to federal law.

So, how is it surviving beyond the law? Followers of the UNESCO global ed push, most certainly. Fans of Seymour and the others like him, will also carry technology on.

However, also look to groups like the CCSSO (Council of Chief State School Officers). They, my fellow Warriors, are a huge root into why our teachers are in the plight they’re in AND our students are learning less and less, every day in every State.

Lastly, ‘personalized learning’ is a huge educratic term for justifying the shift from teacher-central learning to ‘self-directed’. Every day, every State, my Warrior friends.

 

 

The Warrior’s Accoutrements

Today’s article will feature a variety of informational tools you can use (aka ‘accoutrements’) for our continued War vs. the Core.

Money Talks In This War:

1) ICYMI: My no-holes-barred look into President Trump’s Proposed Budget. The CCSS Machine’s education reform takes money to keep up its agenda. Our government has been a party to this for long enough. If we are to see the end of Common Core during Mr. Trump’s service, we MUST use truthful evidence to hold ALL of D.C. accountable, not just a select few.

2) My 7 page “Anti Fed Ed Common Core and all Its Related Activities” document. Within these 7 pages is a breakdown of priorities, we as Warriors must address surrounding the federal budget. See: AntiFedEdCommonCoreandallItsRelatedActivities

Within Mr. Trump’s plans, I found 85 ways his requests KEEP the CCSS Machine going. My priorities list gives you a mountain of accoutrements to use, just look for the highlighted words, you’ll be able to access years worth of researched evidence to support the priorities.
We have no time to waste in crunching numbers to wipe out nationally led education.
(*Note: Mr. Trump’s Proposal must be approved by Congress. We’ve also yet to see what Congress has laid out for education reform.)

As we learned before, all federal Cabinet Departments are in on the transforming education from academic based to workforce training.

Control From Above:

1) ‘New’ State Templates for Writing Your ‘Own’ ESSA Plans.
Yes, my Warrior friends, the U.S. Dept. of Ed recently released an updated version for how our States should formulate their educational plans. However, with the first ESSA deadline a few days away (April 3, 2018), how much difference is really in the new version? If a State is to be free enough to formulate its own education plan, is the Dept. of Ed still micromanaging?
ICYMI, the press release is embedded above. I include it so you can not only read the ‘feel good’ language  has chosen, but you can see embedded links to the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO), Great Schools of America, etc.
(*Note: In the U.S. Dept. of Ed’s letter to the CCSSO, you’ll find how DeVos chose to promote a ‘concerted effort’ between States and the organization.)

Here’s your Warrior accoutrement! From Page 2 of the ‘canned’ U.S. Dept. of Ed’s ESSA State Plan.

accoutrementYou can find the new ESSA States guide, here.  States are not being given an option when it comes to working with the CCSSO.

Compare the above screen shot to the one below and see what changed from Dec. 2016 to March 2017:

ncessadraft

2) CCSSO, AdvancEd, and the Aspen Institute
Back in Sept. 2016, North Dakota Dept. of Public Instruction staff traveled to a CCSSO Meeting held in Atlanta, GA. As it happened, AdvancED was also holding a Symposium which fit right in with this meeting.  AdvancED even suggested you do some pre-Symposium reading. The goal of the Syposium? To supply State leaders with pre-formatted State Plans devoloped by AdvancED .
The topic of both the CCSSO’s and AdvancEd’s meetings? ESSA Implementation at the State level. While I’ve been unsuccessful in finding evidence of the CCSSO’s meeting held at the same time. I did find the ND notes about the meeting. See below:

ccssoatl

If you’d like more information on PTESS, click here.

Not long after the duo of CCSSO/AdvancEd influence over our State Education leaders, CCSSO teamed up with the Aspen Institute for another ESSA ‘guiding tool’.
Warriors, for us, it’s an accoutrement! How? It reveals how these pro CCSS groups are telling States how to act, what to do, what to say, and where to seek help.


What About Asssesments?
Warriors
, it’s no secret we’re in the ‘opt out’ season. We’ve seen the ESSA evidence about keeping the 95 percent assessment rate. States, via ESSA’s mandates, will include the participation rates.

Where? In the State’s accountability reports. States will have to turn these into the U.S. Dept. of Ed. Why? To keep receiving state-formulated grants.

1) An accoutrement we can use is the Fair Test’s latest on why and how to ‘opt out’. However, this comes with a warning. Fair Test is backed by the CCSS Machine and is tied to the New World Order Foundation. Much of the ideology held by NWOF is tied back to the global mindset found in the UN (United Nations). National Education Association (NEA) is also a key backer for Fair Test. Taking into consideration how sold out to the CCSS Machine and ESSA, the NEA is, don’t trust their advice!

2) What about the global push for assessing education?
Warriors, we know Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) isn’t  going away. PISA is a tool of the OCED (Organisation for Co-operation and Economic Development). OCED loves to work with the UN.
Here’s an accoutrement you can use. The Center for Curriculum Redesign (CCR), has published a series of articles about the need for MORE skill based assessments. This is only one part of the puzzle the CCSS Machine uses for advancing CBE (Competency Based Education)

4d
I found out about this when a stranger posted to my Common Core Diva Facebook page with the message to help save future doctors, workers, etc. Since I’d never heard of this person before, I wanted to check it out. Here’s the article. Below, see the screen shot from the end of the competency based assessment article. I’ve underlined 4 easily identifiable CCSS Machine supporters.

assesssupport
The CCR has 2 ‘must have’ accoutrements. The first addresses the 21st Century need for more assessments. The second addresses the workforce/skill based ‘needs’.
Why these are such a prize set of accoutrements is they are designed leaders and the more corporate minded education reformer. These will tell us what is coming and how our students will be over-assessed to fit a job slot, not their minds.
(*Note, Warriors, take your time exploring the CCR’s website. You’ll find international education groups, participating countries (example: Finland, which may be why we’re constantly comparing America to them), corporate partners, philanthropic groups, and more.)

Closing:

Warriors, our fight is far from over. Grab your shields, gather your fellow Warriors, and let’s use these accoutrements with ‘gusto’!

Controlling the Authority

A very important follow up to Monday’s article about local school boards.

 “We’ll also address how city school boards, private schools, home education, and, charters authorities will be treated in the ‘ESSA Era’.” 

Before that closing statement, I also shared with you how I noticed a pattern of counties in NC which chose to be held to AdvancEd’s standard of accrediting. I’ve got some information about AdvancEd below. Here is what I’ve previously written about them.

AdvancEd is chosen by several States to be the ones which hold school boards accountable. Here are just a few noteworthy items about the mindset behind the company holding your board members (schools and States, too) accountable.

1) Be collective! “The AdvancED Accreditation Policies and Procedures outlined in this document represent the unified policies and procedures for accreditation from AdvancED and its Accreditation Divisions: North Central Association Commission on Accreditation and School Improvement (NCA CASI), Northwest Accreditation Commission (NWAC) and Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Council on Accreditation and School Improvement (SACS CASI), herein collectively referred to as AdvancED.”

What does this mean for the school board? Any and all schools wishing to be a part of the AdvancEd ‘team’, must abide by all the policies and procedures laid out by AdvancEd.
AdvancEd serves school districts, b) systems of schools, c) corporations, and, d) Education Service Agencies, (ESAs).

{*Note, ESAs may or may not be included in our LEAs and SEAs (Local Education Agencies; State Education Agencies). According to the national group for ESAs, there are over 500 service oriented groups in 45 States. With ESSA’s increased push for P3s (public, private partnerships), CCSS and/or CCR aligned Professional Development, and other global agenda items, we’re sure to see these service groups become more of a presence in our local school boards.}

2) Be global! According to a NC General Assembly document,  AdvancED represents tens of thousands of schools and districts across the United States and 69 countries worldwide“.

Considering the per school/ed service agency (ex: Sylvan Learning Centers)/school board, this will be quite a profit maker for AdvancEd.

I found an AdvancEd Application from 2016, where the Group was seeking  Pennsylvania’s authority to operate in businesses like Sylvan. Kumon Math Centers were included, along with others.

******As always, ask “What is in my State?”*******

advancedpay

Since I frequently give you NC information to use to see where to look in your State:

1) A NC County’s (2012-13) AdvancEd Report (Note the CCSS Machine agenda/ties)  click here

2) According to the NC State Board of Education’s Accreditation information, schools must be accredited, BUT they do NOT have to choose AdvancEd. See the document below for what the SBE (State Board of Ed) considers a ‘savings’ for schools to be accredited. 

ncvsadvance

The Chain of Command For Accreditation:

As another example for where to look, the NC State Legislative Accreditation Document shows how the command chain works.

How will ESSA (Every Student Succeeds Act) change this? (*Note: while ESSA may change accreditation, the HEA, (Higher Education Act’s) upcoming re-authorization will most definitely change the process.)

chaincommand

Before we move on, what do we, as Warriors do, when we discover our county school board adheres to BOTH AdvancEd and our State Board’s accreditation? Does that mean our taxpayer dollars are twice used without our voice?! If only one is adhered to, which one wins out over the other? Is it the State or AdvancED?!

So, How Do Charter School Boards Fit In?:

These are not actually ‘school boards’ in a traditional sense. The authorizing body is called a “NC Charter Advisory Board”. Written out in NC General State Statute 115C Article 14A.
The Article begins with, “authorize a system of charter schools to provide opportunities for teachers, parents, pupils, and community members to establish and maintain schools that operate independently of existing schools.” Sounds great, doesn’t it?! “Independent of existing schools…”

IF this is true, why do we see the same pro CSSS Member groups involved?! I hope you see the irony below:

advisecharter

If you wish to see Chapter 138A, access it here.

What do charter school Advisory Members have for requirements as laid out in 115C Article 14a? I’m so glad you want to know. (*Note: this Chapter is 23 pages long.)

1) Collectively strong, experience wise with “public and non profit goverance,  management and finance, assessment, curriculum and instruction, public charter schools, and public education law. All appointed members of the Advisory Board shall have demonstrated an understanding of and a commitment to charter schools as a strategy for strengthening public education.”
Warriors
, re-read that last line, please.

2) These APPOINTED members serve in 4 year terms.

3) These members basically become the State Board of Education’s cheeerleaders for charter schools.

4) A new office within the NC Dept. of Public Instruction was created per this 14a chapter.
It’s known as the  Office of Charter Schools. Here’s the ‘kicker’, the Office is ‘subject to the supervision, direction, and control of the State Board of Education’. As part of the subjection, more appointees will be put in places of power.

Warriors, do you see a pattern here? More appointees means LESS VOICE by taxpaying citizens!


In NC, Charters And AdvancEd Meet:

Warriors, if you recall yesterday’s article, I laid out for you quite a few questions about school boards and the pro CCSS Machine member ties.

AdvancEd has been mentioned in more than one NC County. For example, I told you the county I live in has written in their school board policy to maintain their accreditation ties to AdvancEd and/or the State Board

iredelladvance

Iredell Charter is also a ‘tutition free’ public charter school. There is a ton of information you should read if you are interested in learning how a ‘tutition free’ public school is governed. However, look below for a better definition of HOW charter schools are funded.

charterfund

 

One more thing about Iredell Charter. It’s a Charter School USA managed educational institution. I tied AdvancEd to Charter Schools USA back in 2014. The focus of that article was the behavior management being bred in these ‘alternative’ schools.

What About Private Education and Homeschooling?

Here in NC, private schools and homeschools are under the authority of the NC DNPE (North Carolina Department of Non Public Education). As a ‘retired’ home educator in NC, I know this Department well. I’ve seen it shift from helping separate public education from private (NC considers homeschooling a legal form of private education).

However, since 2013, this Department has been ‘relaxed’. How? A law set forth to protect homeschooling (see Part 3 of the law) was changed ever so slightly under the guise of giving MORE choices to those families who chose to educate their own children.

The purpose, as one NC General Assembly member stated, was to ‘purposely blur the lines between public education and homeschooling.’

Guess what? It happened. Once of the BEST ways in which the lines were blurred was through the NC Virtual Public School. Thanks to ESSA, the blurring of lines will INCREASE.

ncvpsNotice that NC’s Virtual Public School is also carrying out the State Board of Education’s bidding: ‘producing modern learners’ for the “21st Century”.

Warriors, let’s not forget that some States have home education out in the open and not protected under private education clauses. Think about this, homeschool students use the same nationally normed assessments. If they haven’t been mandated to use the nationally normed assessments so far, they will be very soon.

So, how will ESSA play out for charters, private schools, and home education?

Here are just a few ways:
Titles funding (example, Title One is the largest federal funding stream and is used in all school districts; Title Four is for block grants; think 21st Century Community Learning Centers)
Data mining
High stakes assessments
College and career readiness
STEM
American Apprenticeships

Related Resources:

Articles Spelling how educational choices will be impacted via ESSA.
a) https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2017/02/12/who-doesnt-love-coupons/
(vouchers, ed savings accounts, school choice, and the fallacies of them all)

b) https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2017/02/26/the-other-dear-colleague-letter/
(nails CTE as the conduit by which every educational choice is passed through)
c) https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/10/25/setting-us-up/
(details how our tax dollars are used against us in the name of educational progress)
d) https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/02/23/essa-in-a-nutshell/
(for those pressed for time and/or in traditional schools)

e) https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/03/01/warriors-guide-to-essa-and-private-education/
(for those in private, faith based, or, home education)

To see how NC’s mucking up the ‘local control’ via ESSA so far:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/11/03/practicing-education/

Is there a solution?
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2017/01/21/the-wannabees/

Know Thy Local Board, Parts 1 and 2

Part One:

Warriors Against Common Core, how well do you know your local school board? Are you a school board member? If so, how well do you know the State laws for your important position in the community? If you are a school board member, read what I’ve found and ask yourself, ‘Am I okay with this?’
These questions and more await us in today’s in-depth article.

The Search Began:

I was recently contacted by a concerned NC citizen. She needed help in figuring out what is State law for school boards, does local policy adhere to State law, and, is there any policy which side-steps the State, and goes to a federal level of compliance. All excellent questions.

I shared with her I’d already found one NC county school board with a local policy which, from all appearances, seems to side-step the State of NC and pledge compliance to the federal level. (See below)

caldwell1

Warriors, I profess that I am not a lawyer, but with a policy which reads like this, it certainly calls into question, why is a county school board appearing to go around the State law to pledge adherence at the federal level?

FYI: The ‘NC Standard Course of Study’, aka, ‘Essential Standards’ (Common Core rebrand) are written into State law. Look for NC General Statute 115C, Article 8.

While I didn’t find a similar policy for the county I was contacted about, what I found in our State law is worth sharing. It also gives us some BIG questions to have answered!

Part Two:

The School Board Laws In NC General Statute 115C, Article 5:

1) Access the Statute here. You’ll notice that the specific legislation is 22 pages. One of the most immediate concerns we should all be thinking ahead about: Will school boards across America change much under the ESSA mandates?

1’s Reality: Here in NC, our school boards are locally elected. However, not every State is the same. Elected or not, what does it mean locally? ESSA  increases power, both at federal and State levels.

2) In the paragraph marked 115C-36 (Page 1), Said boards of education shall have general control and supervision of all matters pertaining to the public schools in their respective administrative units and they shall enforce the school law in their respective units.”
The big questions: What is ‘school law’? Does the ‘enforcement’ mean ‘any and all measures’? What group holds the school board in check to ensure local citizens there’s no manipulation of the assigned power?

2’s Reality: Under ESSA, all education MUST be aligned to post-secondary readiness as defined by WIOA (Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act). WIOA is not a specific ‘school law’. It DOES encompass education, but it is, after all, a U.S. Dept. of Labor law. How will NC, or, for that matter, ANY State, fare locally with their school boards when a workforce based law dictates education?!

3) Near the bottom of Page 2 and continuing on Page 3, “The local board of education shall revise electoral district boundaries from time to time as provided by this subsection.”
Wait, What?! Yes, according to NC Law, local boards can adjust districts. BUT these are depedent on federal Census information. Supposedly, the benefit is financial, BUT, consider these realities, Warriors:

a) The Census is being used by the CCSS Machine to orchestrate neighborhoods, manhandle museums and libraries, and more. From right here, in the town I live in, an excerpt from this article about local control and federal overreach.
“* You will see lots of data (includes the U.S. Census) and graphs used to support the moves; you’ll see the increased push for social and economic equality;”

b) ESSA’s codification of Promise Neighborhoods, as well as the continued creation of 21st Century Community Learning Centers.

c) Does your State have ‘Prosperity Zones’? NC does. There’s even another State Statute in place to streamline jobs and their training. By now, we know that ESSA is the ‘missing link’ between jobs and training. While the article about the Zones is from 2015, you can see just how overreaching the federal government is and how State districts will directly play into the overreaches.

4) Page 4, under the paragraph 115C-40, this excerpt, “Local boards of education, subject to any paramount powers vested by law in the State Board of Education or any other authorized agency shall have general control and supervision of all matters pertaining to the public schools in their respective local school administrative units;”
Your big question here should be, does my State have similar language? If so, what other agencies in addition to the SBE, have control over my school board? What about heavy influence over the school board, is there a tie to the CCSS Machine?

5) Pages 9-21 spell out the 63 responsibilites and powers  local school boards in NC have, as well as are authorized to carry out. I won’t list all 63, but, I will point to the ones we should all be looking at, regardless of where you live. Each will be followed by a question to consider.
5’s Realities: a)  “To Provide the Opportunity to Receive a Sound Basic Education”, page 9.
Who decides the soundness of a basic education? ESSA says the States must have the Secretary of Education’s approval for what’s taught. Where’s the local control there?

b) “To Regulate Extracurricular Activities”. With ESSA’s 24/7/365 mandate for anytime, anywhere learning (you can’t have student achievement without being hooked to a computer device), this is going to be almost impossible for local school boards to carry out.
(Refer back to the embedded articles above about wrap around services in the community.)

c) “To Accept and Administer Federal or Private Funds”, page 10. Warriors, this is huge!
ESSA increases the amount of P3s in our schools. P3s are public-private partnerships. We have seen the damage of P3s in our educational systems across America. One of the biggest supporters for interferring business with education is Business RoundtableBR was big on Common Core; they are also behind CC’s other names: CCR (College and Career Ready) and CTE (Career Tech Education). Let’s not forget some other big names in creating P3 overload in our local schools: The U.S. Chamber of Commerce, your State Chambers, and Bill Gates. (*Note: Items 32, 32a, 34, and, 34a on Page 15 are directly related to MORE P3 education through Career Tech Education, Community Colleges, or School-to-Work.)

d) “To Sponsor or Conduct Educational Research”, bottom of Page 10. ESSA’s ‘educational research’ includes an in-home assessment for how well connected to the internet everyone is America is. See my article.Also, Warriors, any time you see ‘educational research’, think of what the underlying activity: data mining. Then, the big question: What group or groups did my local school board hire?

e) “To Adopt Rules and Policies Limiting the Noninstructional Duties of Teachers”, Page 13.
ESSA’s not kind to teachers at all. They are expected to teach to post-secondary readiness, regardless of age or grade, their pay will be factored by overall student success and engagement, AND, they will become quasi-doctors via the social emotional learning and behavior interventions. (*Notes: Look directly below the ‘teachers’ on Page 13 and you’ll see their training, as well as principals. Use all 3 embedded links directly above and apply. Then, refer to Page 18, Items 43 and 46) Our big question here: What pro CCSS/CCR/CTE/STEM groups is my school using at their discretion OR the State’s bidding which train, incentivize, or other wise reward for aligning teachers to ESSA?

f) Page 15, “To Appoint Advisory Councils”. This is legalized in yet another NC State General Statute. Appointing key positions is dangerous. No vote means no voice. This, in the long run, mutes the taxpayer’s and parent’s voices. Big question: Are these ‘advisors’ local or are they somehow connected to the educational reform?

Closing:

I noticed in searching some of the NC local school board policy pages, that more than 1 have not only our State Board of Ed to satisfy, but AdvancED, too. What is AdvancED? A  sold out CCSS Machine member organization. In my County, the exact words are:
“Maintain accreditation of its schools by AdvancED and/or the State Board of Education.”

We’ll pick this up in my next article, Warriors. We’ll also address how city school boards, private schools, home education, and, charters authorities will be treated in the ‘ESSA Era’

Good Colors/Bad Colors

We’ve all had discussions about education. Some of these ‘talks’ are pretty easy; some others aren’t. With most of us back home and resuming our post-Thanksgiving lives, it is easy to think about what was said around the table.

My family is no exception. Most of the family’s offspring are up in age. A few, however, have little ones. By little I mean ’10 years and younger’. My most ‘in-depth’ education conversation wasn’t with one of the grown-ups. It was with a 7 year old.

Here’s what this child is experiencing daily in a summary form:
 “I got a new teacher when I went to my new school. I like this one much better because he gives me good colors. My old school teacher gave me bad colors. I don’t like the bad colors. She was mean.”

My heart still hurts when I recall his face and body language.

Warriors, I do not know about you, but this was something, no one, not even a Warrior Parent had shared. Since parents are being left out of education so much, these Warriors may not know about the ‘good color/bad color’ strategy in the classroom. Maybe they do and are fighting so hard against it, it’s assumed everyone knows.

It doesn’t matter. What DOES matter is looking at how this strategy is reshaping (literally) our children’s mindset.

Behind the Color Wheel, An Old Agenda Awaits:

behavecolor

Warriors, I found this example on Pintrest, along with hundreds of other color behavior management charts. Since I do not know exactly what school my young kinsman attends, I cannot access his school directly.
I did find his school district’s website. No mention about color controlled behavior management was available. (You can also find via an internet search how colors are replacing report cards. We know that in some States report cards and diplomas are being phased out totally.)

So, where’s the ‘agenda’? PBIS (Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports) While the screen shot you see above may or may not co-ordinate with the particular school district I’m referring to or not, the PBIS, thanks to ESSA, (Every Student Succeeds Act) is only going to get more invasive. An added ‘bonus’? The amount of money to be made by private companies which partner with schools. ESSA gives that opportunity many times in the Law.

Earlier this year (2016), I shared with you the Pearson Behavior Management System (Review 360) and how it uses P3s (Public Private Partnerships) for conditioning not only our students, but our school leaders, too. See Part 2 of my article:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/03/07/pearsons-gi-more-alignment-in-the-workplace/

Also from earlier this year, I shared with you how ESSA and the 21st Century Community Learning Centers were set (or, are being set in place) for whole family behavior managing. The agenda? If the entire family is on the same track, the student will have better success in life (aka: student achievement/student outcome). See: https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/04/10/ccss-machine-potpourri/

Related to what is happening NOW in behavior management, is this screen shot from a 2014 article I published which revealed to you the Behavior Standards used in schools which aligned to Common Core.

14behave

You can see how the PBIS will fit into schools. It doesn’t matter what name the States use for educational standards, the behavior portions will remain in place and yet, will INCREASE in overreach!

If you wish to access the Behavior Standards and Mindsets:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2014/11/08/sic-em-saturday-common-core-minding-our-manners/

Above, you noticed I stated 21st Century Community Learning Centers. Here’s a screen shot of how the PBIS will fit:

scarybehave
If you’d like the entire article (with links):  
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/01/04/meet-your-new-neighbor-essa-seriously/

PBIS In Real Time:

From the school district information I found that the Positive Behavior uses not only colors (think a traffic light), BUT coins as rewards to use for ‘shopping’.

In this ‘new way’ of behaving, kids are taught that ‘fail’ doesn’t mean the opposite of ‘success’, as it is traditionally taught; no, it represents  an ‘opportunity to try again’, ‘failing is another word for growing’, or ‘first attempt in learning’! Warriors, do you sense the importance of this shift?! (Do an Internet search for the images of these phrases, you’ll be surprised at the shift in traditional critical thinking.)

So, what is the school district I found using for PBIS?
It’s at every grade level; it uses Starbucks Rewards cards; weekly school ‘shopping’ trips;
colors as ‘good’ or ‘not good’ (‘bad’ is not an option); and, levels of keeping behaviors in line with every other student (for example: blue level or gold level, the higher the color, the more the responsibility).

It’s important to note that the school district is Greenville, SC. According to their website, they are SC’s largest school district and the 51st largest in the entire nation. They also are accredited by AdvancEd (a huge CCSS Machine member group which manipulates behavior.)

To see Greenville’s PBIS description (to be used anywhere learning can happen):
https://www.greenville.k12.sc.us/monaview/Upload/uploads/PBIS.pdf

To see how PBIS is used for elementary students:

pbispaws

Warriors, do you see how music is used in the cafeteria?! Do you see how much silence is expected?! Do you see how often lines are to be used or order is to be kept?!
To see the entire chart: https://www.greenville.k12.sc.us/parise/students/0809/pbis.asp

PBIS for older special needs students (self contained)? Greenville’s School District offers a specific teacher’s letter. In it PBIS is described as a “Behavior Management System”. The introduction states a Unique Learning System (a Standards based on-line curriculum) is also used. To see the traffic light/shopping trip plan for behavior: https://www.greenville.k12.sc.us/rms/syllabi/KellettSelfContained.pdf
To see the Unique Learning Systems SC Standards Base (College and Career Readiness Standards; code for Common Core State Standards): https://www.n2y.com/unique-learning-system/

What’s interesting is that Greenville’s School District AdvancED accreditation‘more information’ link is broken. However, I did find the information at the Greenville Economic Development Board’s website. (see: http://www.greenvilleeconomicdevelopment.com/greenville-county-schools.php )
(*Note: AdvancEd is big into the the 2030 UN Agenda for an educated workforce. See:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/08/31/this-is-our-choice/)

Why would school information be located at an economic website? The workforce agenda!!
“College and Career Readiness” doesn’t just involve education, it arches over into jobs.
Jobs drive the local economy. ESSA and WIOA (Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act) use Career Tech Education and Career Pathways (sometimes Career Clusters). The Higher Education Act (HEA) also plays into this!

The Ultimate Goal for the students in Greenville School District (as well as a national goal we see playing out in ‘real time’)? The screen shot shows only a portion of the information. The entire 2 page brochure reveals the ‘building’ begins in Pre-school!

greenvillegoals

To access the brochure: https://www.greenville.k12.sc.us/Parents/docs/gradplus_brochure1611.pdf
As far as the “education evangelist”? He’s preaching innovation in education for the economy’s benefit! See for yourselves:

Closing:

Warriors, we all are at risk of losing our students to the CCSS Machine’s workforce agenda. It doesn’t matter how young or old our students are. By using colors to encourage or discourage young minds, we condition them unjustly. By using music as cues to be ourselves and chat with others or not, we are restricting personalities. By showing instant gratification for ‘good’ behavior, we are seeing the entitlement programs increase in society.

What’s my little kinsman’s future?! Sadly, like all the rest of ours. A ‘color coded credential for work’ where we are all ‘bronze, silver, gold, or platinum’ workers…not free people with hopes and dreams.
(see: https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2015/09/03/tech-thursday-just-say-no-to-nocc/)

So, the ‘education evangelist’ is truthful about one thing ‘who do I want to work for?’;
the rest of his message? An empty vat of lies.

Bees in NC’s Bonnet, Parts 1 and 2

Warriors, we are faced with all kinds of count-downs lately. Thirty-eight days until election; so many days until a new President; count-downs until our holidays, and more.

However, regardless of ALL this counting, day in/day out, our teachers, students, and families are receiving the stinging bites of the busy bee-like CCSS Machine members/groups.

It’s enough to drive us mad. I hope we are not only mad, but as aggressive in fighting back, as the CCSS Machine is cranking out their bitter poison.

As you know, NC is where my home is for now. If you’ve followed my blog long, you know the amount of CCSS Machine alignment bred here.

As far as the picture above, that’s NC’s official state insect. As bee colonies go, there’s always a queen.

Here in NC, her name is Dr. June Atkinson. She’s our State Superintendent (probably counting down the days until she hopes to be re-elected for the umpteenth time) AND the President of the CCSSO (Council of Chief State School Officers). As you well know CCSSO has made no bones about their devotion to the CCSS Machine.

Now that our nation faces a count-down to August 2017 (When all 50 States MUST have ESSA (Every Student Succeeds Act) implemented), what else is in the NC CCSS apiary?

Part One:
Honey, It’s a Beehive of Deception in NC:

Recently, I was contacted by a very concerned grandparent (Grandma J) who lives west of me in Caldwell County, NC. Her concern? A conversation she had with 3 school board candidates (running for office in Nov. 2016). According to Grandma, all 3 told her that there was absolutely no Common Core in Caldwell, or in NC as a state, for that matter. That Common Core was gone. Grandma’s a Warrior, she’s invited me up to her neck of the woods several times to reveal what my anti CCSS research has found for NC, as well as our nation.

Grandma J also shared that these candidates (up for re-election) do not get to see the curriculum for their county; that they are sent papers to sign (aka: rubber stamp), told pretty much what to do, but NOT get to be a truly LOCAL Board. Well, we can thank Dr. Atkinson for that, but we’d also have to thank legislators. In the screen shot below, look at why I would say this.

Hhmmm…I’m flashing back to a 2014 NC School Board meeting in Cabarrus County (southeast of me). When I revealed credible evidence about the number of assessments truly embedded in what NC schools use, I was called a ‘lunatic’. When I challenged the school board member, what I got was ‘we do what we’re told. If Raleigh says ‘jump’, we jump. We don’t ask ‘where’, we just do it. They do tell us how to jump.’

As being a mighty Warrior, Grandma J has once again called me and asked for help. Grandma J, this is for you to share with them.

caldwell1

Since this one NC County (there are 100 in all) has it mandated to follow all federal and state regulations NOT in the current NC (Common Core) Essential State Standards, guess what this means?

That every piece of legislation already connected to NCLB, RttT, Common Core State Standards, College/Career Readiness, STEM, Career Tech Education, dual enrollment, early College Promise, AP classess, learn-to-earn apprenticeships, on-line virtual public NC Schools is LOCKED in! ESSA will only INCREASE the lock-down! WIOA (Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act) is also not only already in place in Caldwell County, NC, but nation-wide!  WIOA’s embedded in ESSA.

If you’ve traveled anywhere in NC (or in your State) and seen “One Stop Job Centers”, WIOA’s in your town and Common Core/Career Tech, including STEM are in your schools.

This screen shot reveals some eye opening evidence that the ‘NC educational sweet spin’ isn’t telling you the whole truth,

caldwell2
I’ve written PLENTY about how sold out to the CCSS Machine, AdvancED is. You are free to search my blog for the articles, there are that many.

However, let me share with you, an excerpt from their 2013-2014 Annual Report, AdvancED combines the knowledge and expertise of a research institute, the skills of a management consulting firm and the passion of a grassroots movement for educational change. While our expertise is grounded in more than one hundred years of experience accrediting schools, AdvancED is much more than an accrediting agency. Our goal isn’t to certify that schools are good enough. Rather, our commitment is to help schools improve.”

To see their  entire CCSS Machine ‘driven expertise’:
http://www.advanc-ed.org/sites/default/files/documents/AE-AnnualReport2013-14.pdf

Considering the screen shot above and the fact AdvancED is SO devoted to the CCSS Machine that they’ve got ESSA alignment plans going, I fail to see how great this is for NC..or any other State! I wrote extensively about AdvancED, ESSA, and the US:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/06/06/blenders-ready/

For Those Who Are Convinced NC Is Now ‘Common Core Free’:

1) NC DPI where CCSS is plainly stated and is currently in use state-wide:
http://www.dpi.state.nc.us/curriculum/

2) NC State Ed Policies for ‘Global ready’, which is connected to the CCSS Machine:
http://sbepolicy.dpi.state.nc.us/policies/GCS-L-004.asp?pri=01&cat=L&pol=004&acr=GCS /

3) NC DRAFT (literacy), CCSS aligned:
http://www.ncpublicschools.org/docs/sbe-archives/meetings/2012/05/gcs/05gcs01attach01.pdf

4) NC’s Wikispaces where you’ll see CCSS and Essential Standards. (ES has been passed off as the ‘no CCSS’ in NC)
 http://www.ncdpi.wikispaces.net/

So there you go, Grandma J, lots to help your local school board see the truth!
*******************************************************************

Part Two:
NC ‘Bred’, Nation Fed: 

These websites will show you how MORE NC bee-stinging, CCSS Machine alignment is going on. If you’d like to see my vast array of articles on other NC CCSS joint efforts, please search the blog.

1) Triangle Universities Center for Advanced Studies Inc.  This NC organization (TUCASI)  has been around since 1975. It’s basically a large park with lots of space for UNC (University of NC), Wake Forest University, and Duke University to combine their efforts for ‘research’. Sadly, every one of these has long since sold out to Common Core in some way. They have no plans, it appears of slowing down.

Since Common Core came to town, TUCASI been busy as a bee aligning all it can. For example, our National Humanities Institute is located here.

Sponsors of this Institute (when you go the website, it states “National Humanities Center”) include some very big CCSS Machine members, including the National Endowment of the Humanities. I exposed the Endowment back in 2015. See: https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2015/04/12/rmt-national-humanity-common-core-style/ (*Note: the National Endowment for the Arts has also sold out, but is not NC specific.)

To see the list of CCSS Machine sponsors: http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/who-we-are/

To see the other research projects of TUCASI: http://www.rtp.org/tucasi/

2) Located in Carrboro, NC is the Advanced Learning Partnerships, 
http://www.advancedpartnerships.com/
This group likes to call themselves ALP. They also love to spread their models for educational innovation for K-Higher Ed nation-wide. Leading them is Amos Fodchuk. He’s got a Masters degree and is a “veteran of the high school classroom, Amos is a National Board Certified Teacher (VA, 2006), a Fulbright Scholar and recipient of over 20 awards for educational excellence and innovation.  His range of experience in the development and implementation of innovative, strategic learning models currently supports education partnerships across 25 states.”

You’ll find personalized learning, blended learning, data measuring, and SO much more:
http://www.advancedpartnerships.com/services

If you’ve heard of Districts of Innovation, ALP is into it; if you’ve heard about “ClassTalk” or “Innovators PIE”, ALP is leading it. While I couldn’t find specific partners, I did see Dell Computers joined ALP for ‘blended learning’ in Georgia. See: http://www.advancedpartnerships.com/read-me/

The LIFT Initiative in WA has ALP all over it:

fodchukalp

Closing:

Warriors, I hope that regardless of where you live, you can use this information. Grandma J’s got every right to not only be concerned, but seeking help to inform others. Remember, there are some fantastic folks in our school systems. Folks are not our target, the CCSS Machine IS! If you’ve got a fantastic school system member in trouble, you help them; you don’t attack them.

Between my eye opening article about the ICANN’s ties to the CCSS Machine/global angenda to this article, you’ve got plenty of digital/technology stuff to fill Pooh Bear’s Honey Pot several times over. BUT, there’s more. Just released late yesterday (10/3), was the announcement about several internet giants creating a new AI (Artificial Intelligence) Council. Their focus will include education/social justice/technology. Google is among them. Here’s a short video:

Article announcing the Council:
http://readwrite.com/2016/09/29/key-players-create-a-non-profit-ai-alliance-pl1/?utm_campaign=coschedule&utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=RWW&utm_content=Key+tech+players+create+non-profit+AI+alliance


This is Our Choice?!

FryingPanFire250_250

Recently, one of my dear fellow Anti CCSS Warriors from the other side of the nation, contacted me about her State Superintendent’s words about being ‘choice ready’ by 2030.
My friend/Warrior, Ida F. has allowed me to share her State’s story so you can check in yours for similar such messages.

The State, ND; The ‘Super’, Baesler:

ND’s Superintendent has shared in the media that by 2030 all the students in North Dakota are to be choice ready for their futures. To see the 2 page agenda, https://www.nd.gov/dpi/uploads/1404/Agenda.pdf  To see just Baesler’s activity,
see below:

ndchoice

Then, consider this screen shot:

aasand

Baesler is also a Board Member serving the National Drop Out Prevention Network (NDOPN). In 2015, she, along with other NDOPN members held a national conference in TX. From the program I found detailing the conference, plenty of CCSS Machine members were not only in attendance, but were leading workshops. Was the ‘choice ready’ rhetoric there? Of course. See: http://dropoutprevention.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/SanAntonio-Program10-14-15.pdf


So, What IS “Choice Ready”?

Here’s a screen shot of an AdvancED 2015 presentation which was given in ND in May of 2016.

advancend

To get the entire presentation,
https://www.nd.gov/dpi/uploads/1400/NDAccountabilityPlanning.pdf
(*Note: be sure to see how easily this fits into ESSA’s accountability/implementation plans.)

 

There must be a 2030 Bandwagon Around Somewhere:

It appears that ND is not the only State jumping on the bandwagon heading for 2030, look at all these other 2030 Ready Resources I found.

USA:

1) Hoover Institute’s “American Education in 2030”. You’ll need to know that the Fordham Institute’s very own Chester Finn is cited in this book of 87 pages, that there is a copyright date of 2010 and is tied to the Leland Stanford Jr. University. This book is a collection of essays on education. See:
http://www.hoover.org/sites/default/files/pages/docs/ae2030_book.pdf

2) The Center for Teacher Quality’s “Teaching 2030: Leveraging Teacher Preparation 2.0”.
This 66 page document doesn’t give a clear date of when it was published, but it does give you an insight into what groups have influenced this report.  American Association of Colleges of Teacher Education (AACTE), NCATE (National Council for Teacher Accreditation), Commission on Effective Teachers and Teaching (CETT) an independent group convened by the NEA (National Education Association), and the National Bureau of Economic Research.
The CTQ Report is also a collection of related topics in education by various teacher/authors.

Here’s an excerpt, “Pre-service teachers need customized preparation for the 21st-century pedagogical skills demanded by not just the Common Core State Standards, but the global economy in which students must participate. Too much of today’s criticism of teacher education is driven by politics, not substance, and focuses on outdated issues instead of ones unique to the demands of 21st-century teaching and learning. Teacher preparation of today and tomorrow needs to equip new recruits to teach highly mobile students, develop their own assessments, improve data systems, engage parents and policymakers, and lead the transition of many of our high-needs schools into 24/7 community hubs.”

It appears that by 2030, teachers are to have the 3Cs: ‘Communication, character, and content’. In some way this is to go along with the CCSS Machine’s 4Cs for students: critical thinking, creativity, collaboration, and communication. My question is this (and I do not mean to be snarky): Did I miss something?!  Since the 4Cs for students are happening NOW, why are teachers getting only 3Cs?  Why do they have to wait until 2030?

The CTQ Report:  http://www.teachingquality.org/sites/default/files/TEACHING_2030_Leveraging_Teacher_Preparation.pdf

 


Global:
1) The “Yidan Prize Forecast: Education to 2030”

yidin
This 33 page research report is available on-line (I would suggest downloading it) and is based on the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) calculations and research.

Look at the CCSS Machine ties and the UN Ties from the EIU’s ‘experts’:

yitin2
To download the 33 pages of global ‘choice readiness’: EIU_Yidan prize forecast_Education to 2030
To find in on the Internet:
https://www.eiuperspectives.economist.com/sites/default/files/EIU_Yidan%20prize%20forecast_Education%20to%202030.pdf

2) The UN’s Education 2030 Agenda video. This short but scary video shows WHY the innovative data (written into ESSA and its related laws) is such a big deal.


The 2030 Agenda has been well reported (both by others and myself). That said if you don’t have see the connection between the UN, the US, the ‘choice readiness’, the data mining, and education, it is simply this: US is a ‘card carrying UN member. We have signed a global  goals agreement (known as SDGs, Sustainable Developmental Goals). Education is the fourth goal globally. The choice readiness will use the education and data for our students to be one of 3 tracks: college (leader or authority), citizen (includes military as protector or authority), or worker. See the 2015 UN Report
http://www.uis.unesco.org/Education/Documents/education_2030_incheon_declaration_en.pdf


Related Resources:
1) The AASA Article about the 3 Choices:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/07/09/ready-or-not/
1a) From the AASA’s  website, how all this ‘choice’ for ‘readiness’ means ‘ready for anything (or in anti CCSS Warrior language: ‘ready to conform’). See: http://www.aasa.org/SchoolAdministratorArticle.aspx?id=13570

2) How AdvancED is a CCSS Machine member tied to the Global Agenda:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/06/06/blenders-ready/

3) The AACTE’s Common Core Devotion:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2015/03/24/ftf-tuesday-aacte-and-common-core/

4) A CETT/NEA 2012 “Teacher Effectiveness” document:
http://www.nea.org/assets/docs/Transformingteaching2012.pdf

5) The National Bureau of Economic Research has ties to the OCED (Organization for Co-operation in Economic Development), as well as have a resource on education being the solution to the turnaround of the U.S. Economy. How? skill based and technical!
To see the resource, http://www.nber.org/chapters/c13695.pdf (*Note: if you really want to feel great about being an American, look at how the Bureau writes us up in mathematical equasions!)
If you’d like to see the corporate funding streams the Bureau receives (note the CCSS Machine groups):
http://www.nber.org/Corporate%20Supporters%202016.pdf

6) To see one of my articles on the OCED and American workforce based education:
 https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2015/09/08/ftf-human-capital-the-new-name-for-citizens/

7) My article on Chester Finn:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2016/07/20/still-standing/

8) How America went from MDGs (Millennial Development Goals) to SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals), courtesy of the UN:
https://commoncorediva.wordpress.com/2015/09/17/tech-thursday-global-day-for-education/

Closing:

So, Warriors, has Ida’s original question helped us? It is good to see that ND is hardly alone in this ‘choice ready by 2030’. Why? Knowing we are not standing alone in this War Against the Core is vital. Knowing how big the target is gives us quite a bit of space to aim our best informational shots at. It also affords us lots of room to strike consistently, often, and hard.